UPSC Geologist Syllabus (Revised) Geo-Scientist Exam Pattern
UPSC Geologist Syllabus (Revised) Geo-Scientist Exam Pattern


UPSC Geologist Exam Syllabus-

UPSC Geologist Exam Syllabus -Geology

Paper-I : General Studies (Common for all streams)

  • Current events of national and international importance.
  • History of India and Indian National Movement.
  • Indian and World Geography -Physical, Social, Economic Geography of
  • India and the World.
  • Indian Polity and Governance -Constitution, Political System, Panchayati
  • Raj, Public Policy, Rights Issues, etc.
  • Economic and Social Development – Sustainable Development, Poverty,
  • Inclusion, Demographics, Social Sector initiatives, etc.
  • General issues on Environmental Ecology, Bio-diversity and Climate
  • Change – that do not require subject specialisation
  • General Science

Paper-II : Geology/Hydrogeology

Section A: Physical Geology (UPSC Geologist Exam Syllabus)

  • Principle of uniformitarianism;
  • origin, differentiation and internal structure of the Earth;
  • origin of atmosphere;
  • earthquakes and volcanoes;
  • continental drift, sea-floor spreading, isostasy, orogeny and plate tectonics;
  • geological action of rivers, wind, glaciers, waves;
  • erosional and depositional landforms;
  • Weathering processes and products.

(UPSC Geologist Exam Syllabus) Section B: Structural Geology

  • Stress, strain and rheological properties of rocks;
  • planar and linear structures;
  • classification of folds and faults;
  • Mohr’s circle and criteria for failure of rocks;
  • ductile and brittle shear in rocks;
  • study of toposheets,
  • V-rules and outcrop patterns;
  • stereographic projections of structural elements.

Section C: Mineralogy

  • Elements of symmetry, notations and indices;
  • Bravais lattices;
  • chemical classification of minerals;
  • isomorphism, polymorphism, solid solution and exsolution;
  • silicate structures;
  • physical and optical properties of common rock forming minerals- olivine, garnet, pyroxene, amphibole, mica, feldspar and quartz

Section D: Igneous Petrology

  • Magma types and their evolution;
  • IUGS classification of igneous rocks;
  • forms, structures and textures of igneous rocks;
  • applications of binary and ternary phase diagrams in petrogenesis;
  • magmatic differentiation and assimilation;
  • petrogenesis of granites, basalts, komatiiites and alkaline rocks (carbonatite, kimberlite, lamprophyre and nepheline syenite).

UPSC Geologist Exam Syllabus OF Section E: Metamorphic Petrology

  • Limits, types and controls of metamorphism;
  • metamorphic structuresslate, schist and gneiss;
  • metamorphic textures- pre, syn and post tectonic porphyroblasts;
  • concept of metamorphic zone, isograd and facies;
  • geothermal gradients, facies series and plate tectonics.

UPSC Geologist Syllabus OF Section F: Sedimentology

  • Origin of sediments;
  • sedimentary textures, grain-size scale;
  • primary sedimentary structures;
  • classification of sandstone and carbonate rocks;
  • siliciclastic depositional environments and sedimentary facies;
  • diagenesis of carbonate sediments.

UPSC Geologist Syllabus OF Section G: Paleontology

  • Fossils and processes of fossilization;
  • concept of species and binomial nomenclature;
  • morphology and classification of invertebrates (Trilobites, Brachiopods, Lamellibranchs, Gastropods and Cephalopods);
  • evolution in Equidae and Hominidae;
  • microfossils-Foraminifera, Ostracoda; Gondwana flora.

UPSC Geologist Syllabus OF Section H: Stratigraphy

  • Law of superposition;
  • stratigraphic nomenclature- lithostratigraphy, biostratigraphy and chronostratigraphy;
  • Archaean cratonic nucleii of Peninsular India (Dharwar, Singhbhum, and Aravalli cratons);
  • Proterozoic mobile belts (Central Indian Tectonic Zone, Aravalli-Delhi and Eastern Ghats);
  • Purana sedimentary basins (Cuddapah and Vindhyan);
  • Phanerozoic stratigraphy of India- Spiti, Kashmir, Damodar valley, Kutch, Trichinopoly, Siwaliks and Indo-Gangetic alluvium.

UPSC Geologist Syllabus OF Section I: Economic Geology

  • Properties of mineral deposits- form, mineral assemblage, texture, rockore association and relationship;
  • magmatic, sedimentary, metamorphic, hydrothermal, supergene and weathering-related processes of ore formation;
  • processes of formation of coal and petroleum;
  • distribution and geological characteristics of major mineral and hydrocarbon deposits of India.

UPSC Geologist Syllabus OF Section J: Hydrogeology

  • Groundwater occurrence and aquifer characteristics, porosity, permeability, hydraulic conductivity, transmissivity;
  • Darcy’s Law in homogenous and heterogenous media;
  • Bernoulli equation, Reynold’s number;
  • composition of groundwater; application of H and O isotopes in groundwater studies;
  • artificial recharge of groundwater.

UPSC Geologist Exam Syllabus (Geology – Paper II)

Section A: Mineralogy

  • Physical, chemical and crystallographic characteristics of common rock forming silicate mineral groups
  • Structural classification of silicates
  • Common minerals of igneous and metamorphic rocks
  • Minerals of the carbonate, phosphate, sulphide and halide groups
  • Optical properties of common rock forming silicate minerals, uniaxial and biaxial minerals
  • Extinction angles, pleochroism, birefringenece of minerals and their relation with mineral composition
  • Twinned crystals. Dispersion
  • The U-stage

Section B: Igneous and Metamorphic Petrology

  • Forms, textures and structures of igneous rocks
  • Silicate melt equilibria, binary and pernery phase diagrams
  • Petrology and geotectonic evolution of granites, basalts, andesites and alkaline rocks
  • Petrology of gabbros, kimberlites, anorthosites and carbonatites
  • Origin of primary basic magmas
  • Textures and structures of metamorphic rocks
  • Regional and contact metamorphism of pelitic and impure calcareous rocks
  • Mineral assemblages and P/T conditions
  • Experimental and thermodynamic appraisal of metamorphic reactions
  • Characteristics of different grades and facies of metamorphism
  • Metasomatism and granitization, migmatites
  • Plate tectonics and metamorphic zones
  • Paired metamorphic belts

Section C: Sedimentology

  • Provenance and diagenesis of sediments
  • Sedimentary textures
  • Framework matrix and cement of terrigenous sediments
  • Definition, measurement and interpretation of grain size
  • Elements of hydraulics
  • Primary structures, palaeocurrent analysis
  • Biogenic and chemical sedimentary structures
  • Sedimentary environment and facies.
  • Facies modelling for marine, non-marine and mixed sediments
  • Tectonics and sedimentation
  • Classification and definition of sedimentary basins, Sedimentary basins of India
  • Cyclic sediments
  • Seismic and sequence stratigraphy
  • Purpose and scope of basin analysis
  • Structure contours and isopach maps

Section D: Geochemistry

  • Earth in relation to the solar system and universe, cosmic abundance of elements
  • Composition of the planets and meteorites
  • Structure and composition of earth and distribution of elements
  • Trace elements
  • Elementary crystal chemistry and thermodynamics
  • Introduction to isotope geochemistry
  • Geochemistry of hydrosphere, biosphere and atmosphere
  • Geochemical cycle and principles of geochemical prospecting.

Section E: Environmental Geology

  • Concepts and principles
  • Natural hazards – preventive/precautionary measures – floods, landslides, earthquakes, river and coastal erosion.
  • Impact assessment of anthropogenic activities such as urbanization, open cast mining and quarrying, river-valley projects, disposal of industrial and radio-active waste, excess withdrawal of ground water, use of fertilizers, dumping of ores, mine waste and fly-ash
  • Organic and inorganic contamination of ground water and their remedial measures
  • Soil degradation and remedial measures. Environment protection – legislative measures in India

Section A: Indian mineral deposits and mineral economics

  • Occurrence and distribution in India of metalliferous deposits – base metals, iron, manganese, aluminium, chromium, nickel, gold, silver, molybdenum
  • Indian deposits of non-metals – mica, asbestos, barytes, gypsum, graphite, apatite and beryl
  • Gemstones, refractory minerals, abrasives and minerals used in glass, fertilizer, paint, ceramic and cement industries
  • Building stones. Phosphorite deposits
  • Placer deposits, rare earth minerals.
  • Strategic, critical and essential minerals
  • India’s status in mineral production
  • Changing patterns of mineral consumption
  • National Mineral Policy
  • Mineral Concession Rules
  • Marine mineral resources and Law of Sea

Section B: Oregenesis

  • Ore deposits and ore minerals
  • Magmatic processes of mineralization
  • Porphyry, skarn and hydrothermal mineralization
  • Fluid inclusion studies
  • Mineralization is associated with-(i) ultramafic, mafic and acidic rocks, (ii) greenstone belts, (iii) komatiites, anorthosites, and kimberlites, and (iv) submarine volcanism
  • Magma-related mineralisation through geological time
  • Stratiform and stratabound ores
  • Ores and metamorphism – cause and effect relations

Section C: Mineral exploration

  • Methods of surface and subsurface exploration, prospecting for economic minerals – drilling, sampling, and assaying
  • Geophysical techniques – gravity, electrical, magnetic, airborne, and seismic
  • Geomorphological and remote sensing techniques
  • Geobotanical and geochemical methods
  • Borehole logging and surveys for deviation

Section D: Geology of fuels

  • Definition, the origin of coal
  • Stratigraphy of coal measures
  • Fundamentals of coal petrology, peat, lignite, bituminous, and anthracite coal
  • Microscopic constituents of coal
  • Industrial application of coal petrology
  • Indian coal deposits
  • Diagenesis of organic materials
  • Origin, migration, and entrapment of natural hydrocarbons
  • Characters of source and reservoir rocks
  • Structural, stratigraphic, and mixed traps
  • Techniques of exploration
  • Geographical and geological distributions of onshore and offshore petroliferous basins of India
  • Mineralogy and geochemistry of radioactive minerals
  • Instrumental techniques of detection and measurement of the radioactivity
  • Radioactive methods for prospecting and assaying mineral deposits
  • Distribution of radioactive minerals in India
  • Radioactive methods in petroleum exploration – well logging techniques
  • Nuclear waste disposal – geological constraints.

UPSC Geologist Exam Syllabus of Section E: Engineering Geology

  • Mechanical properties of rocks and soils
  • Geological investigations for river valley projects – Dams and reservoirs; tunnels – types, methods and problems
  • Bridges – types and foundation problems
  • Shoreline engineering
  • Landslides – classification, causes, prevention and rehabilitation
  • Concrete aggregates – sources, alkali-aggregate reaction
  • Aseismic designing – seismicity in India and earthquake-resistant structures
  • Problems of groundwater in engineering projects
  • Geotechnical case studies of major projects in India

UPSC Geo –Physicist Exam Syllabus

Paper I

Part A

  • Solid Earth Geophysics
  • Earthquake and Engineering Seismology
  • Mathematical methods in Geophysics
  • Geophysical Inversion

Part B

  • Mathematical Methods of Physics
  • Thermodynamics and Statistical Physics
  • Electrodynamics
  • Introductory Atmospheric and Space Physics

Paper II 

Part A

  • Geophysical Potential Fields
  • Electrical and Electromagnetic methods
  • Seismic Prospecting
  • Borehole Geophysics

Part B

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics and Properties and Characterization of materials
  • Nuclear and Particle Physics
  • Electromagnetic Theory
  • Classical Mechanics

Paper III

Part A

  • Radiometric Exploration / Airborne Geophysical surveys for Geological Mapping
  • Marine Geophysics
  • Geophysical Signal Processing
  • Remote Sensing and GIS applications

Part B

  • Solid State Physics
  • Laser systems
  • Laser cavity modes
  • Electronics and devices
  • Digital electronics, Radar systems, Satellite communications
  • Quantum Mechanic

UPSC Geologist Exam Syllabus- Chemistry

Chemistry- Paper I

  • Chemical periodicity
  • Chemical Bonding and structure
  • Chemistry of coordination compounds
  • Acid-Base reactions
  • Precipitation and Redox Reactions
  • Organo-metallic compounds
  • Nuclear chemistry
  • s-Block Elements
  • p-Block Elements
  • Chemistry of d- and f- block elements, etc

Chemistry- paper II

  • Kinetic theory and the gaseous state
  • The Collision of gas molecules, Real gases
  • Thermodynamics
  • Application of the Second law of thermodynamics
  • Thermodynamics and Equilibrium
  • Acids-bases and solvents
  • Solutions of non-electrolytes
  • Chemical kinetics and catalysis
  • Adsorption and Surface Chemistry
  • Electrochemistry
  • Photochemistry
  • Quantum Chemistry
  • Basic principles and application of spectroscopy
  • UV Spectra
  • PMR Spectra

Chemistry- Paper III

  • The theoretical basis of Quantitative inorganic analysis
  • Gravimetric Analysis
  • Sampling and treatment of samples for chemical analysis
  • Volumetric Analysis
  • Acid-base titrations
  • Redox Titrations
  • Potentiometry
  • Complexometric titrations
  • Chromatographic methods of analysis
  • UV-Visible Spectroscopy
  • Flame photometry and Atomic absorption spectrometry
  • X-ray methods of Analysis
  • Inductively coupled plasma spectroscopy
  • Analysis of Minerals, Ores, and Alloys
  • Organometallic compounds
  • Bonding and physical properties
  • Aldol and related reactions
  • Mechanism of some reactions
  • Electrocyclic Reactions
  • Organic Reaction Mechanisms
  • Organic Spectroscopy etc

UPSC Geologist Exam Syllabus- Hydrogeology

  • Section A: Origin, occurrence, and distribution of water.
  • Section B: Groundwater Hydraulics.
  • Section C: Groundwater Exploration and Water Well Construction.
  • Section D: Groundwater Quality.
  • Section E: Groundwater Management.

UPSC Geologist Exam Pattern

Exam pattern and weightage for marks for the geology exam are well equipped below. Go through it completely.

UPSC Geologist Exam Pattern

IGeneral English1003 Hours
IIGeology I2003 Hours
IIIGeology II2003 Hours
IVGeology III2003 Hours

UPSC Geophysicist Exam Pattern

IGeneral English1003 Hours
II Geophysics I2003 Hours
III Geophysics II2003 Hours
IV Geophysics III2003 Hours

UPSC Chemist Exam Pattern

IGeneral English1003 Hours
IIChemistry I2003 Hours
IIIChemistry II2003 Hours
IVChemistry III2003 Hours

UPSC Jr. Hydrogeologist Exam Pattern

IGeneral English1003 Hours
IIGeology I2003 Hours
IIIGeology II2003 Hours
IVHydrogeology2003 Hours

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